Wednesday, 8 December 2010

1941 December Royal Artillery & Indian Artillery UNits in Malaya and Singapore

25pdr guns with their quad tractors & ammo lumbers embarked at Keppel Harbour, Singapore November 1941 - enroute to Northern Malaya via rail. (source:life)

The list is not complete as I have difficulty tracing some batteries composition that have been attached, detached from their Field Regiments. Your inouts are most welcome - TOM

Dec 1941 Artillery Units in Malaya

11th Indian Division

137th ( 2nd West Lancashire) Field Regiment (G Holmes) – attached to 15th Indian Brigade 24 x 25pdrs

- 349th Battery 8 x 25pdr

- 350th Battery “

- 501st Battery “

155th (Lanarkshire Yeomary) Field Regiment 16 x 4.5 inch howitzers (A Murdoch) – moved to Malaya Oct 1940 from Kirkee, India

- A Battery (Gold) – stayed in India to form 160th Field Regiment

- B Battery (Wilson)

- C Battery (?) 8x25pdr/8x4.5 howitzer

80th Anti Tank Regiment (Napier)

- 2nd Battery (Clegg) 12x2 pdr antitank(40mm Vickers A/T)

- 215th Battery (Steward) 12x40mm Vickers A/T

- 272nd Battery 2 pdrs

- 273rd Battery (Gairdow) 14x40mm Vickers A/T minus 01 troop Vickers 40mm A/Tx2 attached to KROHCOL

85th Anti Tank Regiemnt ( 36x 2pdrs)

- 45th Battery

- 251st Battery

- 270th Battery

- 281st Battery

6th Indian Brigade

22nd Mountain Regiment (Huges)- 24x3.7inch Howitzers

- 4th Battery (Sawyer)

- 7th Battery (Scott)

- 10th Battery (Gowie)- attached to KrohCol

- 21st Battery ( Soper) – attached to8th Indian Brigade

28th Indian Brigade

Attached, 88th Field Regiment, from 9th Division

16th Anti-Aircraft Battery (Ivers) – 8x40mm Bofors

12th Indian Brigade

122nd ( West Riding) Field Regiment (Clegg)

- 278th Battery 12x4.5inch Howitzer

- 280th Battery 12 x 4.5inch Howitzer

KrohCol

Attached, 10th Mountain Battery (Gowie) – 8x3.7inch Howitzers, from 22nd Mountain Regiment, 6th Indian Brigade

Attached, 01 Troop (2xVickers 40mm A/T) from 273rd Battery, 80th Antitank Regiment, 11th Indian Division

9th Indian Division

5th Field Regiment - Jephson( from Rawalpindi & Nowshera, India 1939-1941) 16 x 4.5 inch howitzers

- 63rd Battery,

- 73rd Battery

- 81st Battery

88th (2nd West Lancashire ) Field Regiment (D’Aubuz) – attached to 28th Indian (Gurkha) Brigade (Indian III Corps Reserve)

- 351st Battery(Cornish)

- A)Troop 4x25pdr

- B)Troop 4x25pdr

- 352st Battery (Ford) 8x25pdr

- 464th Battery 8 x 25pdr

1941 December, Royal Engineer and Indian Sapper & Miners Units in Malaya & Singapore

Wire Obstacles Drills , 1941 ( source : Life)


Warning Sign in 4 langauges ( English, Chinese, Jawi & Tamil) probably set up by Sappers & Miners at entrances into minefields or defence works in Malaya? ( Source : Life)



Unit Engineers Commander Attached , Location
Malaya Command Brig I Simson Singapore



15th Field Coy, Madras Sappers & Miners Maj B R Muir 12th Indian Brigade, Command Reserve, Port Dickson
13th Field Coy, Madras Sappers & Miners Maj B E Whiteman 45th Indian Brigade



III India Corps Brig K B S Crawford North Malaya
1st Artisan Works Coy, Bombay Sappers & Miners Maj J H Heep 8th Indian Brigade & 9 Indian Division for demolition works
45th Army Troops Coy, Bombay Sappers & Miners Maj J R Dinwiddie KROH COL Force, 6th Bridging Section attached
46th Army Troops Coy, Madras Sappers & Miners Maj JRSW Elkington 11th Indian Division for Local Defences, Sg Petani



9th Indian Division Lt Col T H Lindesay East Coast Malaya
19th Field Coy, Bombay Sappers & Miners Maj M Delme-Radcliffe 8th Indian Brigade, Kota Bahru
22nd Field Coy, Bombay Sappers & Miners Maj H T Heard 22nd Indian Brigade, Kuantan
42nd Field Park Coy, Bombay Sappers & Miners Maj Tw Nash 9th Division Stores KL



11th Indian Division Lt Col J F D Steedman North West, Jitra Malaya
3rd Field Coy, Bengal Sappers & Miners Maj A R Battle 15th Indian Brigade, Jitra
17th Field Coy, Bombay Sappers & Miners Maj N S Bhagart 6th Indian Brigade, Jitra
23rd Field Coy,Bombay Sappers & Miners Maj J E Bate 28th Indian Brigade, Ipoh
43rd Field Park Coy,Bombay Sappers & Miners
11th Division HQ, Sg Petani



Monday, 6 December 2010

1941 Operation Matador - Forward Defence of North Malaya in Thailand

Indian Infantry Regiments on "ready" to march into Thailand? ( actually they were training in Singapore, November 1941 - source : Life)

The proposed "Operation Matador" was planned in conference with Far East Command & Malaya Command in anticipation of the Imperial Japanese Army seizing the port of Singora in Thailand (on the east Coast of the Kra Isthmus which was large enough to land a sizable attacking force)

A British force of 3 Brigade Groups, supported by 6 air force squadrons would be sufficient to hold the Singora area against possible attacks by IJA forces of 1 Division from the North, advancing from Bangkok and 2 IJA Divisions landing from the sea.

Chief of Staff informed Brook-Popham, however, that there will be no reinforcements for "Operation Matador" and there will be no advancement of British Troops into Thailand before the Japanese invade it. He will have to use his forces on hand to effect the operations.

8th December 1941 25th Imperial Japanese Army Battle Groups

( information source for above & below : wikipedia)


8th December 1941 ( excluding ancillary & supporting units)
25th Imperial Japanese Army - Lt Gen Yamashita
Main Battle Groups Location Commanders
2nd Imperial Guards Division - Nishiruma
3rd Imperial Guards Regiment Indochina
4th Imperial Guards Regiment Indochina Kunishi
5th Imperial Guards Regiment Indochina Iwaguro




5th Infantry Division (Carp) - Matsui

9th Infantry Brigade Singora Kawamura
11th Infantry Regiment Singora Watanabe
41st Infantry Regiment Singora Okabe
21st Infantry Brigade Singora Sugiura
21st Infantry Regiment Singora Hanada
42nd Infantry Regiment Petani Ando




18th Infantry Division ( Chrysanthemum) - Mutaguchi
23rd Infantry Brigade Canton Takumi
55th Infantry Regiment Canton Koba
56th Infantry Regiment Kota Bahru Nasu
35th Infantry Brigade Borneo Kawaguchi
114th Infantry Regiment Canton Kohisa
124th Infantry Regiment Borneo




3rd Tank Group

1st Medium Regiment Singora Mukaida
6th Medium Regiment
Kawamura
14th Light Regiment
Kita

8th December 1941 Malaya Command Land Forces in Malaya and Singapore

7th Dec 1941 Malaya Command Land Forces dispositions ( Left Map) - source : US Military Academy/Department of History


Malaya Command 8 December 1941
Main Battle Force
Singapore Fortress Division - Maj Gen F. K. Simmons
Artillery Brigade - Brig Alec Warren Greenlaw Wildey
Royal Artillery Location
7th Heavy Regiment - Coastal Blakang Mati
11th Heavy Battery Blakang Mati
31st Heavy Battery Blakang Mati
9th Heavy Regiment - Coastal Changi
7th Heavy Battery Changi
22nd Heavy Battery Changi
32nd Heavy Battery Changi
16th Defence Regiment Singapore
Hong Kong - Singapore Royal Artillery
5th Heavy Battery Blakang Mati
7th Heavy Battery Blakang Mati



Anti Aircraft Artillery
Royal Artillery
3rd Anti Aircraft Regiment ( Heavy) Singapore
11th Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
21st Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
22nd Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
35th Anti Aircraft Regiment (Light) Singapore
Hong Kong - Singapore Royal Artillery
1st Anti Aircraft Regiment (Heavy) Singapore
6th Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
9th Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
10th Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
2nd Anti Aircraft Regiment Singapore
11th Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore



Singapore Fortress
Royal Engineers - Brig I Simmons
30th Fortress Company Singapore
34th Fortress Company Singapore
41st Fortress Company Singapore

Fortress Company - SRE(V) Singapore



Straits Settlements Volunteer Force (SSVF) Singapore
SSVF Brigade - Col R G Grimwood
1st Singapore Volunteer Force Singapore
2nd Singapore Volunteer Force Singapore
4th Malacca Volunteer Force Malacca

SVC Armoured Car Company Singapore

Singapore Royal Artillery, Volunteers Blakang Mati

Singapore Royal Engineers, Volunteers Singapore



1st Malaya Infantry Brigade - Brig G. C. R. Williams
2nd Loyal Regiment Singapore
1st Malay Regiment Singapore
2nd Malay Regiment Singapore



2nd Malaya Infantry Brigade - Brig F. H. Fraser
1st MG Manchester Regiment Singapore
2nd Gordon Highlanders Singapore
2/17th Dogra Regiment Singapore



Royal Corps of Signals
Malaya Signal Company Singapore



Indian State Forces ( Airfield Defence)
Jind Singapore
Kapurthala Singapore



Malaya Command Reserve
12th Indian Infantry Brigade - Brig.A.C.M.Paris
2nd Argyll & Sutherland Port Dickson
4/19th Hyderabad Regiment Port Dickson
5/2nd Punjab Regiment Port Dickson
122nd West Riding Field Regiment, RA Port Dickson
15th Madras Sappers & Miners Singapore






Indian III Corps - Lt Gen Lewis Heath Kuala Lumpur



11th Indian Division Signal Regiment Kuala Lumpur
Indian State Forces ( Airfield Defence)
1st Mysore Infantry Alor Star
1st Bahawalpur Infantry Sungei Petani
1st Hyderabad Infantry Kota Bahru



Indian III Corps Reserve
28th Gurkha Infantry Brigade - Brig W. St J. Carpendale Ipoh
2/1st Gurkha Rifles Ipoh
2/2nd Gurkha Rifles Ipoh
2/9th Gurkha Rifles Ipoh



Line of Communication Brigade - Brig R.G. Moir
Federated Malay States Volunteer Force (FMSVF) Kuala Lumpur
1st FMSVF Perak Ipoh
2nd FMSVF Selangor Kuala Lumpur
3rd FMSVF Negri Sembilan Seremban
4th FMSVF Pahang Kuantan

FMSVF Armoured Car Company Ipoh
1st FMSVF Light Artillery Battery Kuala Lumpur

FMSVF Signal Company Kuala Lumpur

FMSVF Engimeer Section Kuala Lumpur
Unfederated States Force

Kedah Volunteer Force Alor Star

Perak River Platoon



Penang Fortress Garrison - Brig C.A. Lyon
8th Heavy Battery ( HKSRA) Penang Garrison
11th Coastal Regiment Penang Garrison
2nd Anti Aircraft Regiment, Indian Artillery Penang Garrison
3rd Penang & Province of Wellesly Volunteer Force Penang Garrison
36th Fortress Company Penang Garrison
Penang Signal Section Penang Garrison



11th Indian Infantry Division - Maj Gen David Murray-Lyon Sungei Petani
Divison Command Troops
3rd Calvary, Indian Armour Sungei Petani
100th Light Tank Squadron, Indian Armour Sungei Petani
155th Lanarkshire Yeomary, Field Regiment, RA Sungei Petani
80th Anti Tank Regiment,RA Sungei Petani
85th Anti Tank Regiment,RA Sungei Petani
1st Independent Company Sungei Petani
23rd Royal Bombay Sappers & Miners Sungei Petani
43rd Field Park Company, RE Sungei Petani



KOHCOL - Lt Col H D Moorhead
5/14th Punjab Regiment Penang
3/16th Punjab Regiment Sungei Petani
2/3rd Australian Motor Transport Company Sungei Petani



6th Indian Infantry Brigade - Brig William Oswald Lay Jitra
2nd East Surrey Regiment Jitra
1/8th Punjab Regiment Jitra
2/16th Punjab Regiment Jitra
22nd Mountain Regiment, IA Jitra
4th Mountain Battery Jitra
7th Mountain Battery Jitra
10th Mountain Battery Jitra
21st Mountain Battery Jitra



15th Indian Infantry Brigade - Brig Kenneth Alfred Garrett Jitra
1st Leicestershire Regiment Jitra
2/9th Jat Regiment Jitra
1/14th Punjab Regiment Jitra



9th Indian Infantry Division - Maj Gen Arthur Edward Barstow Kuala Lumpur
Division Command Troops
88th 2nd West LancashireField Regiment, RA
42nd Royal Bombay Sappers & Miners



8th Indian Infantry Brigade - Brig Berthold Wells Keys Kota Bahru
2/10th Baluch Regiment Kota Bahru
3/17th Dogra Regiment Kota Bahru
1/13th Frontier Force Rifles Kota Bahru
2/12th Frontier Force Regiment Kota Bahru
21st Mountain Battery, IA Kota Bahru



22nd Indian Infantry Brigade - Brig G W A Painter
5/11th Sikh Regiment Kuantan
2/18th Royal Garhwal Rifles Kuantan
5th Field Regiment, RA Kuantan



Australian 8th Division - Maj Gen Gordon Bennett Kluang
22nd Australian Brigade - Brig Harold Burfield Taylor Mersing-Endau
2/18th Australian Infantry Battalion ( NSW) Mersing-Endau
2/19th Australian Infantry Battalion ( NSW) Mersing-Endau
2/20th Australian Infantry Battalion ( NSW) Mersing-Endau



27th Australian Brigade - Brig Duncan Struan Maxwell Kluang
2/26th Australian Infantry Battalion ( Queensland) Kluang
2/29th Australian Infantry Battalion (Victoria) Kluang
2/30th Australian Infantry Battalion ( NSW) Kluang
2/4th Machine Gun Battalion
2/4th Anti-Tank Regiment ( Western Australia)



Unfederated States Force

Johore Military Force Johore Bahru

Johore Volunteer Infantry Johore Bahru

Johore Volunteer Engineers, JVE Johore Bahru






Sarawak (SARFOR) - Lt Col C M Lane

Sarawak Armed Police Kuching

Sarawak Rangers Kuching
35th Fortress Company Kuching
2/15th Punjab Regiment Kuching

6"Gun Battery, HKRSA Kuching



( Sourced :Wikipedia)

3rd September 1939 Malaya Command Land Forces in Malaya & Singapore

Hong Kong- Singapore Royal Artillery men( HKSRA) during drill practise ( source: life)


Malaya Command 3 September 1939 Location
Singapore Fortress
Royal Artillery
7th Heavy Regiment Blakang Mati, Singapore
11th Heavy Battery Blakang Mati, Singapore
31st Heavy Battery Blakang Mati, Singapore
9th Heavy Regiment Changi, Singapore
7th Heavy Battery Changi, Singapore
22nd Heavy Battery Changi, Singapore
32nd Heavy Battery Changi, Singapore



Singapore Fortress
Hong Kong - Singapore Royal Artillery
5th Heavy Battery Blakang Mati, Singapore
7th Heavy Battery Blakang Mati, Singapore
8th Heavy Battery Penang Garrison



Malaya Anti Aircraft Brigade
Royal Artillery
3rd Anti Aircraft Regiment Singapore
11th Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
21st Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
22nd Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore



Hong Kong - Singapore Royal Artillery
1st Anti Aircraft Regiment Singapore
6th Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
9th Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
10th Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore
2nd Anti Aircraft Regiment Singapore
11th Anti Aircraft Battery Singapore



Singapore Fortress
Royal Engineers
30th Fortress Company Singapore
34th Fortress Company Singapore
35th Fortress Company Singapore
36th Fortress Company Penang Garrison
41st Fortress Company Singapore

Fortress Company - SRE(V) Singapore



Royal Corps of Signals
Malaya Signal Company Singapore
Penang Signal Section Penang Garrison



Infantry Regiments & Brigades



2/17th Dogra Regiment Taiping
5/14th Punjab Regiment Penang Garrison
1st Malay Regiment Port Dickson



Malaya Infantry Brigade
1st MG Manchester Regiment Singapore
2nd Loyal Regiment Singapore
2nd Gordon Highlanders Singapore



12th Indian Infantry Brigade
2nd Argyll & Sutherland Singapore
4/19th Hyderabad Regiment Singapore
5/2nd Punjab Regiment Singapore
22nd Mountain Regiment, IA Singapore
4th Mountain Battery Singapore
7th Mountain Battery Singapore
10th Mountain Battery Singapore
21st Mountain Battery Singapore
15th Madras Sappers & Miners Singapore



Straits Settlements Volunteer Force
1st Singapore Volunteer Force Singapore
2nd Singapore Volunteer Force Singapore
3rd Penang & Province of Wellesly Volunteer Force Penang
4th Malacca Volunteer Force Malacca

SVC Armoured Car Company Singapore

Singapore Royal Artillery, Volunteers Blakang Mati, SIngapore

Singapore Royal Engineers, Volunteers Singapore



Federated Malay States Volunteer Force (FMSVF) Kuala Lumpur
1st FMSVF Perak Ipoh
2nd FMSVF Selangor Kuala Lumpur
3rd FMSVF Negri Sembilan Seremban
4th FMSVF Pahang Kuantan

FMSVF Armoured Car Company Ipoh

FMSVF Light Artillery Battery Kuala Lumpur

FMSVF Signal Company Kuala Lumpur

FMSVF Engimeer Section Kuala Lumpur



Unfederated States Force

Johore Military Force Johore Bahru

Johore Volunteer Infantry Johore Bahru

Johore Volunteer Engineers, JVE Johore Bahru

Kedah Volunteer Force Alor Star

Kelantan Volunteer Force Kota Bahru

Perak River Platoon

Sultan Idris Company



Sarawak

Sarawak Armed Police Kuching

Sarawak Rangers Kuching

Thursday, 2 December 2010

1941 Force Z Naval Fleet to Singapore Naval Base at Sembawang

The battle cruiser, HMS Repulse - taken in Haifa July 1938 ( Library of Congress)

The Flag ship of Naval Fleet Force Z, battleship HMS Prince of Wales coming to moor in Singapore December 1941( IWM Collections)

Below: The Admiral of the Fleet, Admiral Tom Philips ( Right) and his deputy, Rear Admiral Palliser ( Left) receiving the arrival of the capital ships into Singapore, Sembawang Naval Base. ( IWM Collections)

Commander in Chief, China Fleet 1940, Admiral Sir Geoffery Layton - handed over command to Admiral Phillips upon arrival of Force Z. With him ( right) was General Keith Simmons, Commander of Singapore Fortress - Garrison Troops ( Life)

2nd Dec 1941, the arrival of battleship, HMS Prince of Wales and the battle cruiser, HMS Repulse. Together with their escort destroyers, HMS Electra, HMS Express, HMS Tenedos and HMAS Vampire, formed the Force Z Naval fleet. This created a "completeness" of all British arms and their commonwealth allies ie the Navy, the Air Force and the Army in the defence of Fortress Singapore and Malaya of an eventual attack by Japanese forces.

Wednesday, 1 December 2010

Map of Malaya Dec 1941 showing RAF deployment of NORGROUP & No. 224 Group

( source : D Richards & Hilary S G S)

RAF Far East Command deployment of NORGROUP & No. 224 Group in Malaya

Buffalos probably in Sembawang Airfield, Singapore - Hence could be 453 RAAF Squadron ( source:life)

29 Nov 1941, AHQ was warned to support Operation Matador at 12 hrs notice, as such addtional air force were moved to Nort Malaya & daily recce were carried out.

8th Dec 1941, AHQ deployment in Malaya was as follows:

NORGROUP
( No.223 Group before 18 Oct1941)

Base Sqn Formation Type No.
Sungei Petani 21 RAAF (F) Buffalo 12

27 RAF (NF) Blenheim I 12
Kota Bahru 1 RAAF (GR) Hudson 12
detachment 243 RAF(F) Buffalo 2
Gong Keda



detachment 36 RAF (TB) Vildebeeste 6
Kuantan 8 RAAF (GR) Hudson 12

60 RAF (B) Blenheim 8
Alor Setar 62 RAF (B) Blenheim II 11




75


No. 224 Group
Base Sqn Formation Type No.
Seletar 36 RAF ( TB) Vildebeeste 6

100 RAF ( TB) Vildebeeste 12

25 RAF (FB) Catalina 3
Dutch detachment

Catalina 3
Tengah 34 RAF (B) Blenheim IV 16
Sembawang 453 RAAF (F) Buffalo 16
Kallang 243 RAF (F) Buffalo 15

488 RNZAF (F) Buffalo 17




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